Bayram ÜREKLİ, Doğan YÖRÜK


Kanunnâme is a term which is used for journal or book that is arranged by the orders and commands of sultans about örfî laws, excluding the şer’î law in Ottoman Empire. The convention of kanunnâme preparation in Islamic governments değends on two sources as old cultures of Middle East and the experience of Turkish-Mongolian government. Truly, it is known that the laws and the morals have been preparad for public order and private order in Asian Huns, Gök-Turks, Danube Bulgarians and Mongolians. Ottomans also have gone through some arrangaments, from the beginning, about the public order and about the subjects of administrative and financial structures.

Ottoman kânûnnâmes are divided into five essential groups according to their form and content. The fist is the kânûnnâmes that are published by the sultan as ferman and berât. The second is Sandjak kânûnnâmes. The third is the kânûnnâmes for the sipecial groubs as yaya-müsellem. The fourth is the kânûnnâmes about the administration of government. And the fifth is the comman Ottoman kânûnnâmes that are olsa named as Kânûn-nâme-i âl-i Osman.

Anahtar Kelimeler

Kanunnâme, Karaman State, Re’aya, Sipâhi

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